Year : 2012  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 314-319

Comparison of efficacy and safety of two parenteral iron preparations in pregnant women

1 Department of Pharmacology, Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Science, Bhuj, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, Pramukh Swami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pramukh Swami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Jatin V Dhanani
Department of Pharmacology, Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Science, G. K. General Hospital, Bhuj 370 001, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-500X.103688

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Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety with a fixed dose of two parenteral iron preparations, iron sucrose complex and iron sorbitol citric acid as per the current practice. Materials and Methods: A prospective randomized open label study was conducted. In this study, 60 pregnant women with hemoglobin less than 8.5 g/dl received a fixed dose of either IV iron sucrose or IM iron sorbitol citric acid therapy. The efficacy of the therapy was assessed by laboratory parameters such as hemoglobin, hematocrit, MCV, MCH, and serum ferritin level after 14 and 28 days. To assess the safety, adverse drug reactions with both the therapies were recorded. Results: Hemoglobin concentration increased significantly (P < 0.001) with respect to time in both the groups. The rise in the hemoglobin level in third and fourth weeks was significantly higher in iron sucrose (0.92 g/dl) than iron sorbitol citric acid therapy (0.56 g/dl). There was no significant change in the rise of the serum ferritin level after both the therapies. Adverse events were common with iron sorbitol citric acid therapy. However, no serious adverse drug reactions were observed. Conclusions: No significant difference in the efficacy of both of the therapy. However, adverse events and dropout rates were much more common in the group of pregnant women who received iron sorbitol citric acid.

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