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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 2: Schematic diagram illustrating known mechanism of action of probiotics on microorganism. (1) direct antagonism, inhibition of pathogen adhesion, (2) barrier function by increase in mucin expression, (3) immune stimulation, (4) enhance innate immunity (5) reduction in inflammation, thus altering intestinal properties for colonization, (6)increase level of host antioxidant metabolites (7) chelate metal iron

Figure 2: Schematic diagram illustrating known mechanism of action of probiotics on microorganism. (1) direct antagonism, inhibition of pathogen adhesion, (2) barrier function by increase in mucin expression, (3) immune stimulation, (4) enhance innate immunity (5) reduction in inflammation, thus altering intestinal properties for colonization, (6)increase level of host antioxidant metabolites (7) chelate metal iron